Saturday, February 5, 2022

COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL NEWSPAPER: Report on the international situation

 Report on the international


Proletarians of all countries, unite!





This report analyses the facts, the different statements,

positions of the imperialist representatives and opinions in

the bourgeois media of the different countries involved in the

so-called "Ukraine crisis", their interrelation and the

internal contradictions and above all the fundamental

contradictions today on international level and among them,

the main contradiction.

Ukraine is a burning point of the situation, which shows the

sharpening of all contradictions that beset imperialism as an

expression of its further decomposition, which opportunism

wants to cover up in order to try to deny the development of

the unevenly developing revolutionary situation, which with

the uneven development of the subjective conditions in the

world indicates that the world is entering a new period of

revolutions. The economic basis or international economic

relations is the oppression by a handful of imperialist

countries over the oppressed (colonial or semi-colonial)


As Lenin teaches us: „[…] all the basic contradictions ... of

imperialism, which are leading up to revolution [...], are all

connected with this partitioning of the world’s population.“1

That is to say, the distribution of the booty. On this basis,

the exploitation of the world has increased in the last

decades by finance capital, by imperialist monopolies, by

imperialism, on this basis, the power of the bourgeoisie over

the proletariat in the imperialist countries has also grown

immensely, which the bourgeois sociologists express as

"growing inequality" and "precariousness of employment" and

other expressions that indicate the worsening of the

exploitation and oppression of the class.

The report shows that the same contenders of the two world

wars are preparing a third world war, but in the present

situation none of the imperialist countries is in a position

to start it, when this happens then the third world war will

take place. Imperialism is violence and reaction all along the

line. It is violent capitalism as opposed to the "peaceful

capitalism" of its pre-monopoly stage.

In the face of this, what is the role of revolutionaries? To

prevent it and if necessary to be ready to face it. How to

prevent it? By making revolution in each country through

people's war to converge into world people's war and sweep

imperialism and reaction off the face of the earth. And, in

case of a world war, how to confront it? Also with people's

war that is being waged in the different countries up to the

world people's war in order to oppose the imperialist world

w a r . T h i s i s h o w w e u n d e r s t a n d p r e p a r i n g f o r a l l


The development of the class struggle on the international

level has its expression in the explosiveness and great

activity of the masses all over the world. The task of the

communists is to lead them by reconstituting or constituting

militarised Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Communist Parties to

initiate new people's wars as fast as possible in addition to

the existing ones in order to make revolution and sweep

imperialism and reaction off the face of the earth. This task

demands an inseparable and irreconcilable struggle against

imperialism, reaction and revisionism.

The unevenly developing revolutionary situation in the world

is the basis for our revolutionary action to transform it. As

Lenin stated in similar situations: "It is now necessary to

"prove" in practice that revolutionary parties have sufficient

consciousness, organisation, linkage with the exploited

masses, decisiveness and ability to take advantage of this

crisis to successfully carry out the victorious revolution".

Today, this demands taking advantage of the situation to give

a powerful new impetus to the ongoing people's wars in India,

Peru, the Philippines and Turkey and in those where it has not

yet begun, it is up to complete the reconstitution or

constitution of the Communist Party as a militarised Marxist-

Leninist-Maoist party to initiate the people's war.

Lenin, too, touhgt us that the economic basis of opportunism

in the workers' movement is the extra-profit (super-profit),

which the imperialists derive from the exploitation of the

oppressed nations through the export of capital from which

they throw crumbs to the upper stratum of the workingclass.

These are the deep economic roots of this phenomenon. This

disease has been prolonged and its treatment has been more

protracted than optimists might have expected. Our main enemy

in the proletarian movement is opportunism. Opportunism in the

upper stratum of the workers' movement is not proletarian

socialism, but bourgeois socialism. The bourgeoisie could not

maintain itself if they did not lead the workers. There is our

main enemy, and we must defeat it. Therefore, fulfilling the

task demands an inseparable and irreconcilable struggle

against imperialism, reaction and revisionism.


In the last weeks and months, the inter-imperialist

contradictions, particularly between US imperialism and

Russian imperialism, have intensified in a publicly

perceptible manner. The developments concerning Ukraine, the

core of contention, are particularly striking. We have already

published several documents on this subject (we refer

specifically to the document on the defeat of US imperialism

in Afghanistan), which in their entirety build the basis of

this report.

Three decades of the development of the international

situation concentrated

The international situation has reached a point where much of

what has developed in the three decades since the bankruptcy

of Soviet social-imperialism is concentrated. The Yankees have

displaced Russia, the successor of the former Soviet Union,

from its domains in the Balkans, including the countries of

the former Yugoslavia, Eastern Europe, the Baltic States and

now targets the countries of West and Central Asia through

subversion, its so-called "low intensity warfare" and through

the war against these oppressed nations, now targeting the

countries of Central Asia. Thus, the partition and repartition

of the oppressed countries from the sphere of

influence of Russian imperialism to the sphere of influence of

US imperialism and other imperialist powers, in collusion and

struggle, has taken place. This development has reached a

point where the US imperialists want to sanction what they

have won on the negotiating table and the Russian imperialists

are trying to draw a last line of demarcation, taking

advantage of the fact that US imperialism wants to lower the

tension in this hot spot in order to concentrate on another

hot spot that threatens to ignite, the Indo-Pacific region.

In the hot spot of Ukraine, different interests and two

contradictions are expressed, that is obvious: Ukraine, the

oppressed nation; the USA the sole hegemonic superpower and

Russia that wants to defend its interests there, that is

obvious. In addition, there are the interests of Germany and

France as secondary actors. England is at the tail of the

United States. Germany, by its representatives' own admission,

is the most economically involved in Ukraine and also has

interests in its relationship with Russia at different levels.

In correlation with the “Ukraine-crisis” there were a series

of meetings, preliminary investigations, in which various

forces tried to find out what possibilities and needs exist

for them in the current situation.

One of the more important meetings in this sense is

undoubtedly the one on 10 January in Geneva. There, secondlevel

representatives of US and Russian imperialism,

delegations headed by US Secretary of State Wendy Sherman and

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov, explained

their respective positions for the first time in an eight-hour


“But in the meeting, the two delegations maintained their

positions without compromise. The attitude was positive, which

seems to promote the possibility of a future agreement,

especially through the commitment to continue negotiations.

Russia explicitly stated that it did not want to invade

Ukraine and praised the "professionalism" of the delegations.

The US did not back down on either its criticism or the idea

of providing military assistance to Ukraine and called for

"mutual measures that would be in the interests of security".

[…] Riyabkov was optimistic about his country's demand that

NATO not expand but reduce its military presence near Russia:

"We have the impression that the United States took the

Russian proposals very seriously," he said. "The situation is

not desperate," the diplomat said, although "the risks

associated with a worsening of the development of the

confrontation should not be underestimated." "Progress is

needed, a real gesture must be made towards Russia and that

must come from NATO," urged the deputy minister, who insisted

that Ukraine should "never, ever" join NATO.

[…] On the other hand, Sherman reported that the United States

“has put forward a set of ideas that the countries can adopt

as reciprocal measures that will benefit common security

concerns” and “return to common security interests and enhance

strategic stability.” She lowered her counterparts optimism,

warning that NATO's "open door" policy would continue despite

Moscow's pleas.”2

Moreover, on 21 January a meeting between US and Russian

foreign ministers took place in Geneva. Nothing of exceptional

significance was decided there, although it was announced that

a U.S. document in response to the Russian proposal would be

delivered within a week. This letter was delivered on 26

January, together with a NATO document.

Wendy Sherman said on Wednesday: "We are definitely seeing all

the signs that he (Vladimir Putin - Kommersant) will use

military force at some point, probably between now and mid-


US Secretary of State Blinken said:„The U.S. response “sets

out a serious diplomatic path forward should Russia choose

it,” Mr. Blinken said at a news briefing in Washington. He

said he expects to speak in the coming days with his Russian

counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, once Russian officials have read

the American paper and are “ready to discuss next steps.”

The document suggests “reciprocal transparency measures

regarding force posture in Ukraine, as well as measures to

increase confidence regarding military exercises and maneuvers

in Europe,” Mr. Blinken said, as well as nuclear arms control

in Europe.“4

In addition: „“Our responses were fully coordinated with

Ukraine and our European allies and partners,” U.S. Secretary

of Antony Blinken said in remarks. But, he noted, “we’re not

releasing the document publicly.”“5

It is obvious that both are aiming for a general agreement

that will guarantee them some security. Russian imperialism in

particular needs this security. Its position in the

confrontation with the Yankees is a defensive one. Russian

imperialism faces thirty years of progressive encirclement by

the Yankees, including through its subordinate "partners".

However, within this defensive, Russian imperialism is also

developing offensive actions to gain the initiative.

The Yankees, on the other hand, want to sanction at the

negotiating table what they have won on the battlefields over

the past three decades. However, it is tactically important

for the US to conclude an agreement that guarantees them as

far as possible that no "accident" will happen, because

Russian imperialism, although economically only a secondranked

imperialist power, is still a nuclear superpower. And

especially in the present situation of increased difficulties

of US imperialism, it seeks to lower the tension in this

Eurasian hot sport, which reaches as far as up to the socalled

expanded Middle East, in order to concentrate on what

President Biden has declared the priority of his foreign

policy, the Indo-Pacific region, i.e. the containment of

social-imperialist China in its efforts to become the dominant

power in the region. Here the statements of (now former)

German Navy Admiral Schönbach at a security meeting in India

take become significant.

“NATO, according to its General Secretary, has mentioned a

number of issues to the Russian delegation on which it wants

to enter into talks with Russia and from which negotiations

could emerge. Among other things, there is a need to increase

transparency in military exercises and reduce the risk of

cyber threats. NATO wants to start broad-based arms control

talks, which may include mutual limitations on missiles.”6

In the current situation in relation to the “Ukraine-crisis”-

scenario, the contradictions of the period from the 1990s to

the present are expressed in concentrated form. This period is

marked by the consequences of the bankruptcy of Soviet

revisionism and the dismantling of the USSR – i.e. one of the

superpowers that contended for world hegemony –, without a

world war, went into dissolution and the other superpower, US

imperialism, became the sole hegemonic imperialist superpower.

In this capacity, it grasped the task, in collusion and

competition with the other powers, of being the one to divide

and share the cake, i.e. the countries that were under the

orbit or zone of influence of the former social-imperialist

Soviet Union.

The tactical quests and conflicting interests of the


We reiterate the tactic of the Yankees to encircle Russian

imperialism and cause disorder and trouble also within Russia

and the former Soviet republics, i.e. today’s semi-colonies,

which are mainly dominated by Russian imperialism. The Yankees

strive for Russia to get more and more involved politically

and militarily in these countries, as in Afghanistan in the


The Yankees explain it like this:„Gen. Mark Milley, the top US

military official, spoke to his Russian counterpart a few

weeks ago. He reportedly pointed out that an invasion would be

followed by a campaign of resistance similar to the one that

drove the Soviets out of Afghanistan and demoralized the

slumping superpower.“7

The Chinese: „The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

(ICNL) estimates there are 38,000 active NGOs in Kazakhstan

while the majority of them ̶ some say around 20,000 ̶ are

funded by US and European countries by way of grants and

donations, including the US Agency for International

Development (USAID), the National Endowment for Democracy

(NED), and Freedom House.“8

Russian media agree: “As soon as Russia decides that it has to

protect the two people’s republics of Donetsk and Luhansk, its

army should suffer a phlebotomy. Together with the sanctions

threatened in this case and then implemented, it is expected,

such bloodshed would bring Russia to its knees domestically. A

Maidan on Red Square then could be reached very quickly,

judging by events in neighbouring Kazakhstan, where there was

much less reason for it.

The second explanation, however, only becomes visible in the

context of the current negotiations on legally binding mutual

security guarantees between Russia on the one hand and the US

and NATO on the other. Here, the presence of NATO troops in

and around Ukraine, as well as military aid to Ukraine, are

intended to artificially inflate the importance of this issue

in these negotiations to make it the sole focus of the


On the other hand, the defensive of Russian imperialism, which

tries to gain the initiative within this defensive to break

the encirclement as demonstrated in 2014 by taking Crimea,

Donetsk and Luhansk and through other offensive actions, as by

the military operation in Kazakhstan. In addition, new Russian

military developments, such as new stealth drones, are being

launched in the press.

“According to President Vladimir Putin, Russia and the CSTO

military alliance he leads will not allow any destabilisation

or even “colour revolutions” in the states of the former

Soviet Union. This was underlined by the Russian head of state


It should be stressed that the Americans have clear conflicts

with their allies, which are not conducive to their plans:

“The fronts are hardened. And since Nato does not have a plan,

the Kremlin has an advantage. […] The talks at the NATO-Russia

Council can be interpreted in two directions. The first

represented the American Diplomat Kurt Volker, who told CNN

that NATO’s failure to quickly deter Russia from attacking

Ukraine has increased the threat of a military invasion by

Russia. He sees an attack as more likely because although NATO

is threatening to sanction Russia after an invasion, it is not

preventing such an invasion. This is exactly what President

Putin wanted to explore.”11

Which spheres are involved?

It is about parts of Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Central

Asia, as well as Syria, which is important for Russia’s access

to the Mediterranean. The Russian imperialists complain that

the contractual guaranteed non-eastwards-expansion of NATO was

violated. They want NATO to adhere to its 1997 status,

withdraw its troops from the border areas and never ever allow

Ukraine to become a member of NATO. To illustrate the

development: Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary have

become NATO members since 1999, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,

Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia since 2004, Albania

and Croatia since 2009, Montenegro since 2017 and North

Macedonia since 2020.

In Asia, it becomes clear that US imperialism has succeeded in

bringing together two powers that have been in serious and

very serious conflict with each other for centuries (with the

exception of the times of the socialist Soviet Union and the

People’s Republic of China):

„So far, the US and the West have slapped more than 100

sanctions on Russia, sparing no effort to suppress a major

power “from a position of strength.” Before this dialogue, the

US and NATO had warned Russia with a sense of intimidation. In

the dictionary of Washington, “respect” is rarely seen.

Washington’s real intent is to pressure Russia until it

surrenders, so as to get rid of this threat to US hegemony for


In a sense, the US has brutally forced Russia to become an

“enemy.” With this “enemy,” Washington can hold Europe closer

to itself. While pushing NATO to expand eastward, the US is

also hyping Russophobia in Europe. Consequently, relatively

new members to NATO are generally hostile to Russia. The anti-

Russia sentiment is at a peak in Ukraine, which is not a wise

move for the country. Because this will put it at risk between

two major powers – but this meets Washington’s strategic


Talking about these meetings, US Secretary of State Antony

Blinken said, “We can’t go back to a world of spheres of

influence” like the one during the Cold War era. However, from

South America to Central America, from Southeast Asia to

Northeast Asia, which country on earth is ganging up and

forming “small circles”? As the Warsaw Pact dissolved and many

former Soviet states have tilted toward the West, with some

having become NATO members, which country is the one

cultivating “spheres of influence”?

To some extent, China can empathize with what Russia is going

through. In Europe, Washington is trying its best to contain,

suppress, and squeeze out Russia through mechanisms such as

NATO; in the Asia-Pacific region, it is trying to pressure

China with similar tricks. Perhaps the US’ successful

experience in the Cold War has made the US overconfident so

that the American political elites have taken out their rusted

Cold War weapons against the world in a new era.

Nevertheless, the world has already changed. It will

eventually be proven that the infringement of other countries’

core interests and the violation of international equality and

justice will not bring another “victory” to Washington as it

has wished.

Washington still has deep-rooted hegemonic thinking, but its

hegemony is something tough outside but cowardly inside.

Therefore, the world has seen a tangled US: It on one hand

acts maliciously against other major powers but cannot really

give up negotiations on the other hand. As a matter of fact,

the US doesn’t have much capital to squander on great-power

relations; its “position from strength” cannot support its

hegemonic ambitions. And the times will not give it such an

opportunity either.“12

At the same time, Chinese social-imperialism – in its process

of decomposition towards its bankruptcy, confronted with

serious internal problems, trying to distract attention from

them – is taking advantage of the situation in which all media

attention is focused on “Corona” or the “Ukraine-crisis”.

Thus, despite the considerable tensions caused by the

situation in the South China Sea, Beijing transferred $20

million in military “aid” to the Duterte regime. In addition,

Chinese Air Force J-16D fighter jets have repeatedly entered

Taiwan’s13 airspace.

And what are the needs of Russian imperialism? The withdrawal

of nuclear-capable medium-range missiles from Europe, i.e.

from the vicinity of Russia. The Yankees and their subordinate

“allies” will not comply. So the Russians remaining possible

option is a buffer zone consisting of their former semicolonies.

“The US official also said she proposes to continue these

dialogues soon to get into details, particularly with regard

to missile deployments. In that regard, Sherman said it is an

opportunity to revive the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces

Treaty, which the US withdrew from in 2019 after years of

accusing Moscow of non-compliance. Thus, Washington proposed

to address the intermediate-range missile position and agreed

to “establish formulas for setting mutual limits on the scale

and scope of military exercises.””14

When it came to the question of troop deployments, presumably

in particular the deployment of US troops in Ukraine from 8

December 2020, but also NATO troops in Eastern Europe in

general, the Yankees response was clear: „”We have not

discussed the number of American soldiers. I do not think this

point is on the agenda, it is not under consideration. This

question is not a point of discussion”, said Wendy Sherman.“15

„“NATO in our understanding is an organization that is created

for confrontation, not protection. And NATO is not a dove of

peace, stability and prosperity. And this weapon of

confrontation was moving closer and closer to our borders

every day,” Peskov [press-secretary of Kreml] said in an

interview with CNN.“16

„”Russian diplomacy sees how the situation in the Euro-

Atlantic region has degraded, taking into account the NATO

factor,” he said during an online briefing at the Rossiya

Sevodnya international multimedia press center. According to

him, “the North Atlantic Alliance, together with the European

Union, in fact, displaces the OSCE from the matrix of European


„The ruse may look on paper like a win-win for Putin. Perhaps

the Russian people believe Putin’s manufactured claims that

Ukraine poses a danger against the much larger and betterarmed

forces. But, in the longer run, this maneuver could well


Russia’s menacing stance toward Ukraine, its continuing

threats even as the talks proceeded, are solidifying the

Kremlin’s image as that of a bully endangering its neighbors.

The more Putin threatens, the more he unwittingly makes

evident why Russia’s neighbors believe they need to join NATO

to protect themselves.

Ukraine, of course, poses no serious military threat to

Russia. It used to have the world’s third largest nuclear

arsenal, but it transferred it to Russia in exchange for a

commitment to respect its borders and sovereignty, a

commitment Russia violated when it invaded and annexed

Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula. That pact, known as the Budapest

Agreement, is just one of several Russia has signed and

brazenly violated.“18

It must be understood that in these matters for both the

Yankees and the Russians the existential question arises,

because one thing both sides know very well, if one of the two

were convinced of winning a war, then this war would probably

be started. At present, however, neither side is in a position

to start the Third World War, there is a military balance

between the USA and Russia. The USA and the Russian

i m p e r i a l i s t s a r e f a c i n g s e r i o u s p r o b l e m s n o t o n l y

internationally but also internally, as well as England,

France, etc.. Germany and China are also not in a good

position at present. If they were, it would happen. However,

there is always the possibility that at any of the many hot

spots in the current international situation, without any

particular intention of one or the other, the fire could flare

up and a new world conflagration could be ignited. The same

contenders of both world wars are preparing for the third one,

but at the moment they are not in a position to do so.

NATO plays as a military alliance – like every imperialist

alliance only temporarily, developing within collusion and

struggle, while the collusion is relative and the struggle is

absolute and therefore this alliance is built on the struggle,

i.e. subjection and violence, on the changing relations of

force (in the case of NATO, the subordination of the other

imperialists that build it up, to the world’s sole hegemonic

superpower, with the incorporation of semi-feudal and semicolonial

countries of the South and East) – a special role as

an instrument mainly of US imperialism. Remember the role of

the “barbarians” and the mercenaries from their colonies for

the Roman Empire and how it collapsed. It is a sign of the

parasitism or decomposition of empires and the collapse it is

in. Some raise the armament of the imperialists to the clouds,

they see them as all-powerful, but this is another sign of

their weakness and collapse, let us remember that the ancient

empires rose when they pondered the courage of their soldiers

and collapsed when they centred on arms. Chairman Mao teaches

us that men and not weapons are the decisive factor in war.

This is the decomposition of imperialism and its everincreasing

artillery, a sign of weakness and not of strength;

look at any history in depth and you will understand, any

military history proves it, why does it (revisionist China)

want to arm itself to the teeth, why does it want to be a

military power? You see: the same path! Not being able to

develop and strengthen their economy, they want to use the

immense mass of a billion people as cannon fodder, they want

to use it by strengthening their military might to be a power

and fight for world domination, also scheming like others like

Germany, like Japan, that from the clash of the two

superpowers should come another power or another dominant

superpower. Chairman Gonzalo analysed this with great reason.

German imperialism and the EU, which it mainly leads, are

weeping bitterly at having been virtually excluded from the

negotiations. Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov underlined this

situation in a particularly impressive way in a conversation

with German Foreign Minister Baerbock, when he explained how

important this conversation was, since US-Russian relations

were of particular importance.

The German Foreign Minister appeared correspondingly

“friendly” in Moscow: “At Tuesday’s joint press conference in

Moscow Baerbock practised verbal disarmament, emphasised

similarities in culture and business, […] called for dialogue

and diplomacy in the Russia – Ukraine conflict. […] Words on

the continuing needs for Russian gas… After all, Baerbock

wants to keep in touch with the Russians’.”19

Senior EU representatives also cried about the results of the

relative weakness of this alliance: “EU foreign policy chief

Josep Borrell is also doing the EU a disservice by complaining

that he would not be asked if it were about security in Europe

and Ukraine.”20

“On 12 and 13 January 2022, the informal meeting of EU defence

ministers (iVM) took place virtually in Brest, France. […] the

situation in Ukraine was discussed. Support for Ukraine in the

framework of the European Peace Fund and the fight against

disinformation in view of possible responses to non-state

actor interference were also raised.

Issues such as space and associated EU strategic interests

were discussed in several working sessions. There was a broad

consensus that the EU should become more involved in this

sphere […]

The focus of the meeting, however, was the joint discussion

between EU foreign and defence ministers on further

adjustments to the current draft of the strategic compass.

The strategic compass is intended to guide the EU’s future

actions. It is a further step on the road to better

cooperation in the field of security and defence and dates

back to a German initiative.

The Strategic Compass was launched during the German

presidency of the EU Council. It is due to be adopted by

member states in March this year. It aims to give the EU a

direction for future action and is a further step towards

better cooperation in the field of security and defence.

The fundamental satisfaction with the document was clear from

the debate. Suggestions for improvements and additions that

have been made are now being discussed in the Political and

Security Committee.“21

These wishes and ideas that exist within the EU are an

expression of the aspirations of German imperialism. Today,

however, they are quite illusory. German imperialism is not

yet advanced enough in its striving to make the leap to become

a superpower, while subjugating the other members of the EU,

to seriously challenge the Yankees or the Russians. Their

hopes depend on a US-Russian confrontation in which both are

weakened in order to advance to superpower status. They are

riding two horses, they can fall off again.

But in the meantime, the subordination of German imperialism

to the Yankees is once again confirmed by the planned military

hospital, the largest outside the USA, near Kaiserslautern in

western Germany. We also recall in this context the

surveillance of former German Chancellor Merkel’s phone, or

the spying network node in Frankfurt.

Whatever they can do, the European thieves under German

leadership are doing it. In the dispute with Russia they are

acting, mainly after recognising their inability to deal with

Russia’s military challenge in the wake of events in Ukraine

(rememeber also the failed German-backed coup attempt in

Turkey22), economically, through sanctions. However, they are

cutting themselves in the flesh, as the example of Nord Stream

II shows. There the Germans are forced to submit to the

Yankees. But the lack of supply to Western Europe of raw

materials and energy sources, in this case gas, seems

extremely threatening, because that would mean becoming even

more dependent on the Yankees, which would frustrate the

German efforts of the last decades. That is why, in addition

to sanctions, which would undoubtedly weaken the Russian

economy enormously, the focus is mainly on subversion.

“We are working together with the EU and its member states to

further develop the Eastern Partnership. States such as

Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia, which are striving to join the

EU, should be able to move closer through coherent

constitutional and market economy reforms. We will react

decisively and reliably to democratic changes and be a partner

of democratic movements. We want to simplify exchanges between

civil society by facilitating specific visas.”23

An article in the “FAZ” shows how difficult economic sanctions

are for the FRG, in the same article the hegemonic status of

the Yankees on the basis of the “dollar economy” is once again

confirmed: “Because the US access to the network organised as

a cooperative, based in Belgium, has long been a source of

frustration and has led Russia and China to develop

alternatives to Swift.

Even Swift should not be happy with the current discussions.

On Monday, the network said it was neutral and operated for

the benefit of its members. “The decision to impose sanctions

on individual countries or entities rests solely with the

relevant government agencies and legislators,” Swift said. One

of the few politicians to express concern about Swift’s

exclusion of Russia these days was the head of CDU Friedrich

Merz. “Questioning Swift could be the nuclear bomb for the

capital markets and also for goods and services relations,” he

said at the weekend. Swift’s strength lies precisely in his

independence. However, as a political pawn, this is being


Moreover, there are obvious differences within the German

reaction. These find clear expression in the dissatisfaction

expressed by the head of the German “Beamtenbund”, DBB,

Silberbach, on 19 January at the FAZ or the statements of (now

former) German Navy Admiral Schönbach and the reactions to his

dismissal, among others of the former General Inspector of the

German Armed Forces, Kujat, a retired air force general.

But there are also a number of actions by the Russian side to

annoy the other side: „Scores of Ukrainian government websites

were targeted in a cyberattack with threatening text warning

Ukrainians to “be afraid and wait for the worst” and alleging

their personal information has been hacked.

Ukraine claimed Russia was most likely behind the attack,

which affected the websites of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

and a number of other government agencies.

Oleg Nikolenko, Ukraine’s foreign ministry spokesman tweeted

on Friday that the “investigation is still ongoing but the

Security Service of Ukraine has obtained preliminary

indicators suggesting that hacker groups associated with the

Russian secret services may stand behind today’s massive

cyberattack on government websites.”“25

The “Brexit” also plays an important role. British military

capabilities were very important within the EU, as has just

been demonstrated again: “On Tuesday, the Russian government

criticised Britain’s arms deliveries to Ukraine as “extremely

dangerous”. The British action “does not help to reduce

tensions”, a spokesman in Moscow said. Earlier, the British

government announced that it had begun supplying anti-tank

weapons to the Ukrainian military. In addition, a “small

number” of British soldiers will teach the Ukrainian armed

forces how to use the systems, Defence Secretary Ben Wallace

told the House of Commons on Monday night.

… Until now, London has only sold ships and naval equipment to

Ukraine. A contract worth almost two billion euros provides

for the delivery of two minesweepers and the joint

construction of eight ships for the Ukrainian Black Sea


Canada, which has just been hit by a cyber-attack on

government institutions (suspected to be Russian in origin),

is behaving in a manner analogous to England proving, among

other things, this shows that the former British Empire is

completely losing its status and its relationship with its

former colony in North America has increasingly turned upside

down: “A Canadian military spokesman confirmed this week that

training operations have been underway since 2020 and that a

contingent is currently there that was deployed on January 9

this year. Canada was already supplying Ukraine with sniper

rifles in 2019, and talks about building a Canadian ammunition

and small arms factory in Ukraine have been going on for


Ukraine is part of the spoils on dispute, that’s pretty

obvious. The same counts, e.g. for Syria, Yemen, Iraq or

Yugoslavia. This is partition and re-partition par excellence:

„”American representatives sat down at the negotiating table.

There were no demands for the presence of Kiev. So Washington

made it clear that the format “about Ukraine without Ukraine”

for the American authorities is acceptable, if not

preferable.”“2 8

The contest for world hegemony: consequences of the bankruptcy

of revisionism and the collapse of the soviet socialimperialist


In the present international panorama there is one sole

hegemonic imperialist superpower, the USA, which as such is

more parasitic or in a more advanced state of decomposition

than the other imperialists, who as imperialists suffer the

greatest decomposition in the present phase of imperialism.

The USA is the main imperialist robber, the main enemy of the

peoples of the world and the worlds counter-revolutionary

gendarme, plus a special role of Russian imperialism as a

nuclear superpower, with a second ranked imperialist powers

economy based on hydrocarbon and other raw materials. These

two have particular contradictions with each other, the US

imperialists to maintain their sole hegemony and the Russian

imperialists based on being an atomic superpower to recover in

the coming decades to be a world superpower to return to

contend for world hegemony, that is why Putin’s tactic is to

provoke and gain time waiting for changes of situations,

changes of force in the international arena that are always

taking place. From this situation comes the greatest danger of

a new world war. In addition, there are the imperialist powers

such as Germany, Japan, France or England and socialimperialist

China, which aspires to be a great power, for the

time being striving to advance as the great Asian power in

order to realise the dream of the Chinese revisionists to be a

superpower by the middle of the present century, but this

depends as in the case of the Germans on the weakening of the

US and Russian imperialists in a conflagration between the

two. The German imperialists and the Chinese socialimperialists

would like to be able to sit on the hill and

watch the tigers fight it out. As for the pretensions and

needs of the Chinese social-imperialists, see for example the

case of Hong Kong or the confrontation over Taiwan. All of

them are experiencing the consequences of the hegemony of US

imperialism, to a greater or lesser extent and in different

aspects and have different tendencies: Britain remains as

always an appendix of its former colony, while Germany is

striving to make the leap to superpower and even France, a

nuclear power, within the framework of the EU subdued to a

certain extent. They also have strong contradictions among

themselves, e.g. “Brexit”. The second order imperialist powers

like Spain, Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, Canada and

Australia move in collusion and struggle among themselves and

in collusion and struggle with the US imperialism, they feel

the political, economical and military pressure of the US

imperialism like the imperialist powers inside the EU, Japan

or China. All of them, this small handful, are fighting each

other for the spoils, the semi-feudal and semi-colonial third

world countries, in which bureaucratic capitalism is

developed, bitterly contested, e.g. Ukraine, Belarus,

Kazakhstan, Syria, Yemen, etc. These are the overwhelming

majority of the countries of the earth and the world’s

population. Their plunder is the basis of the whole existence

of imperialism. On the one hand, today’s world economy is

unthinkable without the blood of the oppressed nations, the

coarsest, dirtiest, most consuming, most life-destroying

manual labour has been outsourced to precisely these Third

World countries, the export of capital to them and the

destruction of capital (nota bene: also the destruction of the

productive forces, including living labour: the bearer of the

commodity workforce) in these countries is of vital importance

for imperialism and its crisis management strategies. On the

other hand, without the bribery of the upper, but diminishing,

layer of the working class in the imperialist countries, which

is made possible through the super-profit they extract from

the export of capital to the Third World, the contradiction

between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie would sharpen to

the extreme and explode there.

The spoils the imperialists are contenting over are the

oppressed nations – the oppressed nations are home of the

immense masses of the earth

Revolution is the main trend in history, yes. It is the main

trend in the world, historically and politically; that is what

we must emphasise, it is not simply that it is the historical

perspective but that it is political, it is already the order

of the day and that is what we must strive for. This fits in

with the 50 to 100 years, otherwise why did Chairman Mao give

us a masterly calculation: 50 to 100 years, because in that

period imperialism and reaction must and will be wiped off the

face of the earth, and that is the world revolution.

It is well put together, the military principle is well put

together: world revolution, tendency, weight of the masses, 50

to 100 years, period; it is specifying and that is masterly,

it is unfortunate that it is not seen like that. Hegemony, US

imperialism as the only hegemonic imperialist superpower, but

there is another one which, although weakened, is still a

nuclear superpower, which is what worries US imperialism. That

is why there are two powers that can develop a world war – US

imperialism or Russian imperialism – paper tigers, said

Chairman Mao; they are not to be feared, they can be

punctured, so he has taught. “Atomic war”, how to oppose

atomic war: “first condemn it and then prepare in advance to

oppose it with people’s war”. What Chairman Mao has put

forward all fits together.

Now, the problem of the oppressed nations: Are they or are

they not the ones that are home to the immense masses of the

earth? Two-thirds or seventy percent, immense masses. The

oppressed nations have the immense masses of the earth;

moreover, the growth of the masses is immensely greater than

the increase of the oppressors in the oppressing nations, of

the oppressing countries, of imperialisms, even considering

that they themselves oppress their own people; just look at

the growth rates, that it is 70% of the new children that are

born in the backward world and this is going to go on,

increasing more and more. This is good, because the weight of

the masses in history has begun to express itself more and

more, and this is fundamental; if the masses make history, and

this is a very great truth, then the weight of the masses will

decide the revolution in the world, and where is this weight,

then, in the oppressed nations? There is not much to discuss,

if they are material realities, facts; to close one’s eyes to

them is foolishness. The latest reports illustrate that by the

end of this century the population of Spain, Italy, China and

other imperialist countries will have halved.

“As well as the economic and political relations that are

unfolding through the process of the decomposition of

imperialism”. Very important. Chairman Mao said, that the

decomposition of imperialism is greater every day – with his

own positions, he puts forward that. Who can deny the greater

decomposition of imperialism every day. Isn’t it sinking more

and more? It is decomposing, it is rotting; if some can invoke

that they produce more, and what the hell does it matter, that

is the problem; on the contrary, if they produce more, this

proves that there are all the means to satisfy the elementary


By way of conclusions

The development of the international situation, of the class

struggle on the world level is fully revealing the aspects of

certain contradictions, internal and external, through the

imperialist rulers’ own mouths. Because in these crisis

situations the imperialists and reactionaries deviate from

their usual norm of concealing their misdeeds, as Chairman Mao

taught us.

Today we see, in order to answer the attacks of the other

faction, the ruling faction in the USA, represented by the

“Democrats” (the Biden presidency, supported and voted by the

revisionist renegade Bob Avakian and the so-called “RCP-USA”)

and the other represented by the “Republicans”, or to answer

the accusations of the imperialists against each other, have

been forced to publish authentic facts of their aggression in

collusion and struggle against the oppressed nations in the

last three decades for the partition and re-partition of the

countries that were part of the former social-imperialist

Soviet Union, including former Yugoslavia, because of its

historical links with the former tsarist empire, and Syria.

Today all this history of the last three decades is

concentrated, summarised or condensed in what has been called

the “Ukraine crisis”. This “crisis” and the consequent

negotiations are part of the development of the imperialist

contradiction in the middle of collusion and struggle against

the interests of an oppressed country, thus two contradictions

of today’s world are being expressed.

We also argue that this is where the differences of power and

interests between the USA and Russia, as well as other

secondary actors, appear or show themselves in this situation;

that there are three interests and two contradictions, that is

obvious: Ukraine, an oppressed nation; the USA wants to

control Ukraine and to be recognised as its new zone of

influence within the “NATO-expansion”; Russia wants to defend

its interests there, that is obvious, and it to be recognised

as the red line that must not be crossed by the zone of

influence of US imperialism: could the power of the USA be

compared with that of Russia today? Although Russia is a

nuclear superpower and maintains the situation of strategic

equilibrium with the sole imperialist superpower, US

imperialism. If we take the situation of both contenders as a

whole, Russian imperialism constitutes the weak side (the

skinny dog) and US imperialism represents the strong side in

this contradiction (the fat dog).

The occupation of strategic positions by US imperialism and

its instrument NATO, in collusion and struggle with its

“allies”, which were previously under the control of Soviet

social imperialism (Warsaw Pact) and later by its heir

imperialist Russia, is evident.

Russian imperialism has been able to maintain through open

warfare and its “hybrid warfare” vital positions in Georgia,

Moldova, Belarus, Chechnya, the Asian republics of the former

Soviet Union in Central Asia. In 2014, Russia with the

o c c u p a t i o n o f C r i m e a a n d t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f h i s

protectorates of the “people’s republics of Donetsk and

Luhansk” through his “hybrid war”, reacting against the

pretension of the German imperialists in collusion and

struggle with the US imperialists (who in the face of German

weakness took the baton) to control Ukraine, a strategic

position that was going to close the siege against Russia on

its western flank, prevented its corridor through the Black

Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and its bases in Syria. Where,

since 2011, US imperialism, with the “regime-change”, has been

trying to change hands of the country in order to subject it

to its control.

There are other imperialists Germany and France, which with

Russia and Ukraine have formed the so-called “Normandy

Format”, suffer from the impositions of the US imperialism,

for example, the “economic sanctions” imposed by the US

imperialism affect them directly because of the hegemony of

the so-called “dollar economy” as an expression of the

hegemony of the finance capital of US imperialism. They are

interested in maintaining special relations with Russia and

their intentions to advance to superpowers go through the

weakening of US imperialism in a war with Russia, which is

also the dream of the Chinese social-imperialists. The British

imperialists are as always on the tail of US imperialism, but

they have a government in a severe crisis with Boris Johnson.

After the negative response of the United States in the letter

expressing its rejection of Russia’s main claim that Ukraine

will not join NATO and that it will withdraw from countries

that joined NATO after 1997, but leaving open the diplomatic

track to deal with secondary issues, Putin’s response in a

telephone conversation with Macron, who said that the United

States and NATO did not take into account Russia’s fundamental

concerns, told Macron that he had “no offensive intentions”

but did not rule out the diplomatic track, which will remain

open even if only to deal with other secondary issues of

Europe’s security. It is clear, therefore, who is the stronger

and that both are about to ease up on this burning issue and

that the major collusion points to the US imperialists being

about to reach an agreement to defuse the tension on this

issue and therefore in Syria, so that the US imperialists

would have a free hand for China.

This development of the two contradictions mentioned above is

driving the bourgeoisie-proletariat contradiction in the

imperialist countries themselves. All three contradictions are

sharpening, contrary to what is maintained by the opportunists

who have tried as always to veil the deep contradictions of

imperialism in an attempt to deny that imperialism is in a

phase of greater decomposition, in a more advanced state of

decay, and that it is sinking into a complex series of wars of

all kinds whose sweep is being carried out by the world

proletarian revolution through the people’s wars taking place

in the world today, to which new ones will be added as suits

to the new period of revolutions into which the world is


The oppressed nations have the immense mass of the earth;

moreover, the growth of the masses is immensely greater than

the increase of the oppressors in the oppressing nations, of

the oppressing countries, of imperialism, even considering

that they themselves oppress their own peoples; just look at

the growth rates.

With that we have exposed with incontestable facts from the

world scene the foundations of the Maoist thesis of three

worlds are outlined. But we will come back to this in future


So we see three fundamental contradictions in the world today

(the fourth contradiction, socialism-capitalism, exists today

only in the sphere of ideas):

1. principally, the imperialism-oppressed nations


2. the inter-imperialist contradiction

3. The proletariat-bourgeoisie contradiction (which has a

particular expression in the oppressed nations and the new

democratic revolution, since the national (or middle)

bourgeoisie in these countries can and must be part of the

united front, i.e., it is a contradiction within the people,

which will only be resolved by the socialist revolution, in

which the new democratic revolution must directly pass into

without any interruption.

As Chairman Mao tought: “This monopoly capitalism, closely

tied up with foreign imperialism, the domestic landlord class

and the old-type rich peasants, has become comprador, feudal,

state-monopoly capitalism. Such is the economic base of Chiang

Kai-shek’s reactionary regime. This state-monopoly capitalism

oppresses not only the workers and peasants but also the urban

petty bourgeoisie, and it injures the middle bourgeoisie.

[…] This capital is popularly known in China as bureaucratcapital.

This capitalist class, known as the bureaucratcapitalist

class, is the big bourgeoisie of China. Besides

doing away with the special privileges of imperialism in

China, the task of the new-democratic revolution at home is to

abolish exploitation and oppression by the landlord class and

by the bureaucrat-capitalist class (the big bourgeoisie),

change the comprador, feudal relations of production and

unfetter the productive forces. The upper petty bourgeoisie

and middle bourgeoisie, oppressed and injured by the landlords

and big bourgeoisie and their state power, may take part in

the new democratic revolution or stay neutral, though they are

themselves bourgeois. They have no ties, or comparatively few,

with imperialism and are the genuine national bourgeoisie.

Wherever the state power of New Democracy extends, it must

firmly and unhesitatingly protect them.”29

Further. We emphasize: “But whatever happens, there is no

doubt at all that at every stage in the development of a

process, there is only one principal contradiction which plays

the leading role.

Hence, if in any process there are a number of contradictions,

one of them must be the principal contradiction playing the

leading and decisive role, while the rest occupy a secondary

and subordinate position. Therefore, in studying any complex

process in which there are two or more contradictions, we must

devote every effort to finding its principal contradiction.

Once this principal contradiction is grasped, all problems can

be readily solved.”30

“Today, there are still three major contradictions in the old

w o r l d , a s S t a l i n p o i n t e d o u t l o n g a g o : f i r s t , t h e

contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie in

the imperialist countries; second, the contradiction between

the various imperialist powers; and third, the contradiction

between the colonial and semi-colonial countries and the

imperialist metropolitan countries. Not only do these three

contradictions continue to exist but they are becoming more

acute and widespread. Because of their existence and growth,

the time will come when the reactionary anti-Soviet, anti-

Communist and anti-democratic counter-current still in

existence today will be swept away.”31

The imperialist world faces the Third World as a colossus with

feet of clay and it does not seem so colossal when you

consider that 2/3 of the population lives in the oppressed

nations and that in total it is at most ten percent who

actually benefit from this system. Yes, the imperialists now

have in their hands the most cruel and deadly weapons in human

history and genocide is their daily work, but their impotence

in the face of the peoples of the world is becoming more and

more evident (note the defeat in Afghanistan, the continued

failures in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Mali, etc.) and likewise

towards the international proletariat (note the crisis of

bourgeois democracy concentrated in the crisis of parliament).

Don’t believe in fairy tales about the end of history, don’t

allow convergences, smash, burn and sweep. Matter advances and

so does human society as its expression. Marxism is allpowerful

because it is true, because it is scientific. The

Entente could not defeat revolutionary Russia. The coalition

of Japanese and American imperialism failed to defeat the

Chinese Revolution. The people’s wars in Peru, India, Turkey

and the Philippines cannot be defeated, they will inevitably


But a child who learns to walk falls down. However, it does

not lose its ability to get up and walk again. This is our

path. This is the process of struggle between restoration and

counter-restoration. Yes, socialism was lost by the black, the

blackest black, in our own ranks. This was also the only way

in which the people’s war in Nepal could be led to its

temporary defeat. But this pain, like a child learning to

walk, is a prerequisite for the new that will inevitably come,

triumph and shine.

“The next fifty or hundred years from now will be an epic

period of fundamental change in the social system of the

world, an earth-shaking period, with which no past era can be

compared. Living in such a period, we must be prepared to

carry out great struggles, differing in many respects from the

forms of struggle of previous periods. In order to carry out

this task, we must do our very best to combine the universal

truth of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete reality of Chinese

socialist construction and with the concrete reality of future

world revolution and, through practice, gradually come to

understand the objective laws of the struggle. We must be

prepared to suffer many defeats and set-backs as a result of

our blindness, thereby gaining experience and winning final


„The first stage covers the period of the enemy’s strategic

offensive and our strategic defensive. The second stage will

be the period of the enemy’s strategic consolidation and our

preparation for the counter-offensive. The third stage will be

the period of our strategic counter-offensive and the enemy’s

strategic retreat. It is impossible to predict the concrete

situation in the three stages, but certain main trends in the

war may be pointed out in the light of present conditions. The

objective course of events will be exceedingly rich and

varied, with many twists and turns, and nobody can cast a

horoscope …“33

These concrete statements on the war of resistance against

Japan must be applied in general to the world proletarian

revolution and its course. The lessons of more than one and a

half century of struggle are on our side. Focused and

expressed in its fullest expression by Chairman Gonzalo. Today

we have Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and with it the style and

method of work. If the question of the Cultural Revolution is

truly the solution to the question of how to win the struggle

between Restoration and Counter-Restoration, today it is the

people’s war that is at the centre of our attention, because

that is what we are doing and what must be done. As Lenin

confirms to us: “In view of the undoubted honesty of those

broad sections of the mass believers in revolutionary

defencism who accept the war only as a necessity, and not as a

means of conquest, in view of the fact that they are being

deceived by the bourgeoisie, it is necessary with particular

thoroughness, persistence and patience to explain their error

to them.”34

1Lenin, „Report on the international situation and the

fundamental tasks of the Communist International“

2pagina|12, „No hubo acuerdo, pero hay diálogo“, January 11,

2022; our translation, “Посол США передал в МИД РФ ответ на

российские требования о гарантиях безопасности”, January 26,

2022; our translation

4The New York Times, “U.S. Offers ‘Diplomatic Path’ in Answer

to Russian Demands”, January 26, 2022, “US, NATO deliver written replies to Russia on

security demands”, January 26, 2022

6FOCUS-Online, “Analyse von Thomas Jäger: Nato zeigt sich

machtlos gegen Putin – der nimmt nun weiter die Ukraine ins

Visier”, January 15, 2022; our translation

7CNN, “Putin’s big miscalculation” Opinion by Frida Ghitis,

January 14, 2022

8Global Times, “What is behind the unrest in Kazakhstan?”,

January 13, 2022

9RT, “Tatsachen schaffen: Ukraine mit Kriegshilfen und

“NATO+”-Status zur Verhandlungsmasse aufblähen”, January 16,

2022; our translation

10Deutsche Welle, “RUSSLAND UND KASACHSTAN: Putin will

“farbige Revolutionen” in Ex-Sowjetrepubliken unterbinden”,

January 10, 2022; our translation

11FOCUS-Online, “Analyse von Thomas Jäger: Nato zeigt sich

machtlos gegen Putin – der nimmt nun weiter die Ukraine ins

Visier”, January 15, 2022; our translation

12Global Times, “Delusional for US to overwhelm China and

Russia by brute force: Global Times editorial”, January 11,


13Taiwan is part of China, nowadays its role is the one of an

outpost of Yankee-imperialism.

14pagina|12, „No hubo acuerdo, pero hay diálogo“, 11 January

2022; our translation


r s - r u s s i e - u s a - s u r - l a - s e c u r i t e - d e b u t e n t - a -

geneve-1054260062.html; our translation

16; our


17; our


18CNN, “Putin’s big miscalculation” Opinion by Frida Ghitis,

January 14, 2022

19Deutsche Welle, “Meinung: Annalena Baerbocks verbale

Abrüstung in Moskau”, January 18, 2022; our translation

20Deutsche Welle, “Meinung: Putin triumphiert, der Westen

rotiert”, January 09, 2022; our translation

2 1 G e r m a n F e d e r a l M i n i s t r y o f D e f e n c e , “ E U -

Verteidigungsministerinnen und -minister beraten strategischen

Kompass”, January 17, 2022; our translation

22The (probably) German agent Deniz Yücel wrote after the

attempted coup in the “WELT”: „Does Erdogan not uses his

voters to establish an authoritarian regime? In short: Are the

putschists not only to be blamed because they failed?“, WELT,

„Recep Tayyip Erdogan, das ewige Opfer“, July 18, 2016; our


23„Mehr Fortschritt wagen Bündnis für Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit

und Nachhaltigkeit“, Koalitionsvertrag 2021 – 2025 zwischen

der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands (SPD), BÜNDNIS 90

/ DIE GRÜNEN und den Freien Demokraten (FDP); the coalition

agreement of the new government of the FRG

24Frankfurter Allgemeine, “ZAHLUNGSVERKEHR: Warum ein Swift-

Ausschluss Russlands ein zweischneidiges Schwert ist”, January

17, 2022; our translation

25CNN, “Cyberattack hits Ukraine government websites”, Januar

15, 2022

26Frankfurter Allgemeine, “KRISE MIT RUSSLAND: Großbritannien

liefert Panzerabwehrwaffen an die Ukraine”, January 18, 2022;

our translation

27taz, “Ukraine-Russland-Konflikt: Nato erweitert

Militärhilfe”, January 18, 2022; our translation


mit-v-zheneve-rasstroil-ukrainskie-vlasti; our translation

29Mao tse-tung, “The present situation and our tasks”

30Mao Tse-tung, „On Contradiction“

31Mao Tse-Tung, „The foolish old man who removed the


32Mao Tse-tung, “Talk At An Enlarged Working Conference

Convened By The Central Committee Of The Communist Party Of


33Mao Tse-tung, “On protracted war”

34Lenin, „The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present